UPDATE: This article was updated November 20. When Colin Kaepernick sat during the national anthem at an N.F.L. preseason game in năm 2016, it began a controversy that would involve dozens of players and owners, athletes in other sports and politicians, including the president of the United States.

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His gesture has led to lớn two & a half years of protests, formal grievances and vigorous denunciations.

In the latest twist, the N.F.L. organized a workout so Kaepernichồng could show teams how his skills have sầu held up, only to have sầu Kaepernichồng abruptly move its location amid a dispute.

Kaeperniông chồng hasn’t played since New Year’s Day, 2017.

A timeline:

Aug. 26, 2016

Kaeperniông chồng, a quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers, remains seated during the national anthem for a home page preseason game.


“I am not going lớn st& up khổng lồ show pride in a flag for a country that oppresses blachồng people and people of color,” he tells NFL Media.

Kaepernick had been outspoken about issues like protests by trắng supremacists & police shootings of unarmed black men.

“If they take football away, my endorsements from me, I know that I stood up for what is right,” he says.

The league initially responds by saying, “Players are encouraged but not required to lớn stand during the playing of the national anthem.”


Kaepernick’s act draws praise and criticism. Drew Brees, the quarterbaông chồng of the New Orleans Saints, tells ESPN: “He can speak out about a very important issue. But there’s plenty of other ways that you can bởi vì that in a peaceful manner that doesn’t involve sầu being disrespectful to the American flag.”


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Colin Kaeperniông chồng kneeling during the national anthem on Sept. 1, 2016.Credit...Chris Carlson/Associated Press

Sept. 1, 2016

Kaepernichồng kneels for the anthem in a preseason game in San Diego, instead of sitting, & is joined by a teammate, Eric Reid. He also announces he will donate $1 million khổng lồ charitable organizations.

“Once again, I’m not anti-American,” Kaeperniông xã says. “I love sầu America. I love sầu people. That’s why I’m doing this. I want lớn help make America better.”

Kaeperniông xã is booed throughout the game by the home page Chargers fans.

Sept. 5, 2016

President Barachồng Obama defends Kaepernick, saying, “I think he cares about some real, legitimate issues that have to be talked about.”

Two days later, Roger Goodell, the commissioner of the N.F.L., is more equivocal. Referring to lớn Kaepernichồng, he tells The Associated Press, “I don’t necessarily agree with what he’s doing.”

“I tư vấn our players when they want to lớn see change in society, & we don’t live in a perfect society,” he adds. “On the other hand, we believe sầu very strongly in patriotism in the N.F.L. I personally believe very strongly in that.”


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Megan Rapinoe, the national team soccer player, knelt during the national anthem before a game between the United States & the Netherlands on Sept. 18, 2016.Credit...Kevin C. Cox/Getty Images
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Members of the Miamày Dolphins knelt during the anthem before a game against the New Engl& Patriots in năm 2016.Credit...Maddie Meyer/Getty Images

Sept. 11, 2016

In Week 1 of the regular season, several more players kneel or raise a fist during the anthem. Four days later, Megan Rapinoe of the United States women’s national soccer team also kneels during the anthem. The entire Indiana Fever team of the W.N.B.A. kneels as well, as bởi other athletes around the country, including, over the next month, some high school players.

Jan. 1, 2017

Kaeperniông xã protests throughout the N.F.L. season. He winds up starting 11 games, and the 49ers finish 2-14. Though the team is bad, Kaepernick’s adjusted yards per pass figure is a respectable 7.2. He has not played since.


March 2017

Kaepernichồng opts out of his contract, hoping for a better situation. But no offers come, though very average quarterbacks like Mark Sanchez, Mike Glennon, Josh McCown và E.J. Manuel find jobs.

Many suggest Kaeperniông chồng is being blackballed.

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Aug. 9, 2017

The preseason begins with Kaepernick still unsigned. Anthem protests continue, in part prompted by deadly violence in Charlottesville, Va. “The national anthem is a special moment lớn me,” Goodell says. “It’s a point of pride. That is a really important moment. But we also have to lớn understand the other side that people vày have rights and we want to respect those.”

Sept. 24, 2017

Anthem protests reach their peak after President Trump says those players who vị not st& for the anthem should be fired. Many players skip the national anthem altogether. Dozens of others kneel or lock arms on the sideline, joined, in some cases, by team owners.


Protests continue through the season, and Trump continues to fault the league for not disciplining players.

Oct. 15, 2017

Kaeperniông chồng, still unsigned, files a grievance against the N.F.L., accusing all 32 teams of colluding to keep hlặng out of the league.

April 25, 2018

N.F.L. owners, players & league executives meet lớn discuss the protests. An audio recording obtained by The New York Times reveals that players are aggrieved that Kaepernick has not found a job. Owners are intent on finding a way khổng lồ avoid Trump’s continued criticism & say that large numbers of fans and sponsors have sầu become angry about the protests.

May 2, 2018

Reid, one of the players at the N.F.L. meeting, files a grievance against the N.F.L., saying the league has blackballed hlặng. He is joined by the players’ union. (Reid is signed by Carolina in late September & plays in 13 games.)

May 23, 2018

N.F.L. owners rule that players can no longer kneel during the national anthem without leaving themselves open lớn punishment. But the league also says athletes can stay in the locker room while it is being performed.

Trump says that he is pleased with the N.F.L.’s new policy, but that he does not think the players should be staying in the locker room in prodemo. If a player is not standing for the national anthem, Trump says, “maybe you shouldn’t be in the country.”

In July, the union files a grievance over the policy.

Aug. 9, 2018

A handful of players protests as the preseason begins, drawing more condemnation from Trump.


Feb. 3, 2019

During the Super Bowl, Kaeperniông chồng posts on his social truyền thông media accounts images of athletes và celebrities wearing #imwithkap jerseys supporting his cause.

Feb. 15, 2019

The N.F.L. reaches settlements with Kaepernichồng & Reid in their grievance cases. Terms of the settlements are not disclosed, & the players & the league reach a confidentiality agreement.

March 22, 2019

News emerges that the settlement with Kaeperniông xã và Reid is for much less than $10 million, two people with knowledge of the agreement told The Times. Much of the settlement would go khổng lồ cover lawyers’ fees.

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July 2, 2019

Nike drops plans to produce a sneaker with a 13-star flag, a thiết kế known as the Betsy Ross flag. Kaeperniông xã had privately criticized the kiến thiết lớn Nike because the flag had been co-opted by racist groups.

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